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Home /  瓦伦西亚旅游攻略 / Monuments in Valencia /

Valencia's Historic Centre

Valencia's Historic Centre


Valencia was founded in the year 138 B.C by the Romans, who established their Forum in the Plaza de la Almoina, under which lies today a museum of Roman ruins. After the Romans, the Visigoths arrived in Valencia but in 714, the Muslims established control of the city, a situation that lasted until 1238 when King Jaime I of Valencia ousted them. The Arabs left a profound legacy with their irrigation systems, recipes and artistic influences that are relevant and noticeable right up to the present day.

Gothic, Baroque and Modernist Valencia
Gothic Valencia
Baroque Valencia
Modernist Valencia

Become a true knight, entering into the old historic centre through its gates, still standing as they were built long ago. Both towers are military examples of the late Gothic civil style and contribute to the city's uniqueness.

Twenty-one centuries of history right at the heart of the city, where you'll find such historic treasures as the Plaza de la Almoina, the Palau de la Generalitat, the Basilica of the Virgin or the event which takes place each Thursday at midday, the Tribunal de las Aguas (Water Court), named a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the Silk Exchange is one of the city's most iconic buildings, representative of civil Gothic architecture in Europe. Gaze at the stone façade, with sculptures and gargoyles alongside perfectly proportioned doors and windows.

It's the most synonymous building with Spain's Baroque period, its walls house the National Ceramics Museum, with unique pieces dating from prehistory up to Picasso's era. Furthermore, from the inside you can see how Valencian noble families lived in the 18th century.

One of the biggest markets in Europe, this market is situated inside a jewel of pre-modernista architecture. Experience the aromas of the Valencian orchards and market gardens, savour Mediterranean produce and enjoy home-grown gastronomy.

One of the city's most emblematic buildings, declared a National Monument. Today restored and redesigned as a cultural and leisure area, with shops, restaurants and cafes.

This modernista style building is now the city's epicentre for rail travel. Inspired by Valencian agriculture and with many references to the city, its façade puts you somewhere between modernity and tradition; between local and cosmopolitan.

Its construction represents two very different periods and styles: The Casa de Enseñanza and the principal façade. Declared a National Historical-Artistic Monument thanks to the wealth of documents found in the Archives and Municipal History Museum.

POINTS OF INTEREST

- Download Valencia tourist map here >>

- Consult the Valencia Tour Guide here >>

- Download the Tour Guide for your mobile phone here >>

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